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What "Torrenting" does exactly mean?

Sooner or later, many internet users think about downloading files for free from the internet. Despite the real risk of being punished for illegal activity, the temptation on the internet is enormous.

Newbies to file sharing will quickly come across the term "torrent". However, this is often overlooked with a shrug: whether or not your music downloads are torrented doesn't matter to many.

With Bit Torrent, the file is not transferred to your computer from just one source, as is the case with HTTP or FTP downloads. Rather, it comes from different users who participate in the individual network for the respective file. The entire file doesn't even have to be on your computer. The user just needs a snippet to share with other users who may already have other parts. The chance of merging all parts of the program is therefore greater than with other swap systems where only the owners of the entire file upload it as well.

Bit Torrent exchanges files on the network. One or more providers provide the file for download. Bit torrent clients then download the file to the computer. With torrent technology, a control file (.torrent) with a size of a few KB is generated for each file delivered. This metafile contains a unique identifier (hash) with information about the file itself and the download address. The download sources are hosted by a so-called tracker. First, it enables the customer to find the appropriate data file. In the first step, the torrent file is loaded from the homepage via the web browser and then opened with the torrent client. Only then does the correct data file begin to download. The sources differentiate between "peer" and "seed". The client is peer while the data file is still being loaded. Seeds are users who have already uploaded the feed specified in the torrent and only offer it as a source for peers. At least one grain is required for the transfer to complete successfully.

Other definitions of torrenting

Since many laypeople deal with illegal downloads in a short period of time, the definition of torrent has become a little softer. Depending on the context, the term has a different meaning.

Torrent as a Miniature File Originally defined, torrents refer to a specific type of directory file. This file is usually very small and contains only the information necessary to get the data that is actually requested.

This means: It is not illegal to download the torrent yourself. However, the torrent itself is worthless to the user. To use it, he needs the appropriate software - a so-called BitTorrent client.

For many users, the term torrent is synonymous with a program that evaluates and uses torrent files.

The software reads the information from the torrent and starts the download accordingly.

Famous customers are Utorrent (also called µtorrent), Vuze and eMule.

The torrent file tells the clients where the requested data is located on the network. They wonder what the right computer is on the network at this point and are transferring files in the fastest way possible.

The torrent client must be adapted to your operating system. Most BitTorrent programs are compatible with Windows in 2015. With other systems it is sometimes more difficult to find the right software. Utorrent or µtorrent is one of the largest applications running on all major operating systems.

Bit torrent protocol

Finally, the term torrent can also mean the protocol by which the software runs. As a rule, the functionality of the download process can be understood as a protocol.

Most torrent clients use the BitTorrent protocol. This is done by creating a so-called peer-to-peer network (also referred to as a peer-2-peer network or P2P network). Such a network is created by connecting large numbers of computers together to allow faster downloads.

When does BitTorrent cause a warning? The P2P rule is not always illegal. How does the BitTorrent network work? One of the most important features of the network is its relatively decentralized structure. The server coordinates the requests, but data is obtained from all connected computers.

This is why download torrents are so simple: they provide instructions for the right computers, so to speak.

Another special feature: The required data does not usually come from a single source. The torrent software splits the final file from many different partial downloads.

This technique enables BitTorrent applications to achieve high speeds.